Adventures in Eschatology: Daniel’s 70th Week Pt.1

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CyrustheGreatandHebrewsSeventy weeks have been decreed for your people and your holy city, to finish the transgression, to make an end of sin, to make atonement for iniquity, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal up vision and prophecy and to anoint the most holy place. 25″So you are to know and discern that from the issuing of a decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem until Messiah the Prince there will be seven weeks and sixty-two weeks; it will be built again, with plaza and moat, even in times of distress. 26″Then after the sixty-two weeks the Messiah will be cut off and have nothing, and the people of the prince who is to come will destroy the city and the sanctuary And its end will come with a flood; even to the end there will be war; desolations are determined. 27″And he will make a firm covenant with the many for one week, but in the middle of the week he will put a stop to sacrifice and grain offering; and on the wing of abominations will come one who makes desolate, even until a complete destruction, one that is decreed, is poured out on the one who makes desolate.”

I would like to begin sharing my thoughts on eschatology by perhaps addressing specific texts that seem tremendously important in light of the different views. Once I’ve addressed the first few I will continue by perhaps commenting on some of the argumentation used in various forms by various authors. I would like to make it very clear that what I am posting are merely notes and not a full exposition of the texts in question. There are some great websites and books available which deal more fully into the matter at hand.

One of the priority texts that has seen various interpretations in light of eschatological studies is the text of Daniel chapter 9. It is referred to as the chapter containing the “70 Weeks” which it seems is a base text for the interpretation of many other eschatological passages in scripture. There have been many writings made available to expound the exegesis of this text and I’m certain that some might be disappointed that I didn’t add them here in these notes however there is only so much time in a day! There are two interpretations that I would like to present mainly the understandings are the dispensational futurist view and the Covenant partial-preterist views. I have decided to use two different authors per side of the tabor hence, in other words, four resources to help me in my understanding of this text. There were other commentaries that I had consulted however they merely reiterated what was found in these volumes. Perhaps through the notes you might see it worthy to purchase these books and examine the content yourselves!


The time that Daniel received this vision was “in the first year of Darius, son of Ahasuerus, of Median Decent”. This would have been Darius’ first year as king of the Chaldeans. Daniel was “reading the books which were revealed to Jeremiah” which would have been found in 2 Chronicles 36:21; Jeremiah 25:11-12; 29:10. Daniel was paying special attention to the “number of years” for the completion of the desolation of Jerusalem which was 70 years. Daniel was awaiting the end of the captivity of Jerusalem. It seems that Daniel was meditating on the completion of the desolation of Jerusalem (70 years) when this caused him to seek God in prayer and supplication. Daniel prayed to Yahweh and refers to Him as: The great and awesome God” (or the great and dreaded/terrible God-KJV/JND) and He who keeps His covenant & lovingkindness.

Daniel prays for Himself and the people by confessing:

  • We have sinned
  • Committed iniquities
  • Acted wickedly
  • Rebelled
  • Turned aside from the commandments and ordinances
  • Didn’t listen to the prophets

In contrast Daniel affirms that to Yahweh belongs: righteousness (v.7) and compassion & forgiveness (v.9) while to Israel belongs open shame (v.8). The true petition that Daniel asks Yahweh is to “turn away His anger and wrath from Jerusalem”.

Daniel inclines the Lord to:

  • Shines his face on the desolate sanctuary
  • Incline His ear and hear
  • Open His eyes and see the desolation

The answer through Gabriel (vs. 24-27)

The answer to Daniel’s prayer is given by Gabriel which can be broken down as 70 weeks decreed. The things decreed for this time are as followed:

  • The finish of transgression
  • The end of sin
  • The atonement for iniquity
  • Bringing everlasting righteousness
  • The sealing of the vision
  • Prophecy (or prophet)
  • Anointing of the holy place

In light of all this it is said that from the time Jerusalem will be rebuilt and Messiah prince “will be” 70 weeks and 62 weeks and it will be rebuilt. The messiah is said to be cut-off after 62 weeks. The people of the prince destroy the city and sanctuary. The end then will come as: a flood, a war & desolation and after this the prince will:

  • Make a covenant with many for 1 week
  • In the middle of the week sacrifices and offerings will stop

After this there is “one” who comes on “the wings of abominations” to make desolate.


Written by shawnkjmcgrath

September 2, 2009 at 7:07 pm

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